INTOSAI – Working Group on Environmental Auditing

Focus on Biodiversity: International organisations and e-resources

The information provided below was sourced from the organizations’ web sites.

1. General
Conservation International (CI) is a nonprofit organization headquartered in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, that seeks to protect Earth's biodiversity "hotspots", high-biodiversity wilderness areas as well as important marine regions around the globe. The group is also known for its partnerships with local non-governmental organizations and indigenous peoples.
IUCN is the world’s oldest and largest global environmental network - a democratic membership union with more than 1,000 government and non-governmental member organizations, and almost 11,000 volunteer scientists in more than 160 countries.
IUCN’s supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and brings governments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and local communities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practice.
The IUCN also publishes a “Red List” of species threatened with extinction worldwide. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is widely recognized as the most comprehensive, objective global approach for evaluating the conservation status of plant and animal species.
The goals of the IUCN Red List are to:
    • identify and document those species most in need of conservation attention if global extinction rates are to be reduced; and
    • provide a global index of the state of change of biodiversity.
The IUCN Red List is updated regularly. IUCN Red List of species threatened with extinction worldwide can be found:
The Nature Conservancy is a conservation organization that works around the world to protect ecologically important lands and waters for nature and people.
WWF is one of the world’s leading conservation organizations, working in 100 countries and supported by 1.2 million members in the United States and close to 5 million globally. WWF's mission is the conservation of nature.
WWF works to preserve the diversity and abundance of life on Earth and the health of ecological systems by
    • protecting natural areas and wild populations of plants and animals, including endangered species;
    • promoting sustainable approaches to the use of renewable natural resources; and
    • promoting more efficient use of resources and energy and the maximum reduction of pollution.  

United Nations Environment Programme - UNEP

UNEP is the United Nations system’s designated entity for addressing environmental issues at the global and regional level. Its mandate is to coordinate the development of environmental policy consensus by keeping the global environment under review and bringing emerging issues to the attention of governments and the international community for action.

ECOLEX is a database providing a comprehensive, global source of information on environmental law. ECOLEX is operated jointly by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), IUCN and UNEP.
2. Marine habitats and their resources
Protect Planet Ocean is a collaborative website between many global conservation partners, maintained by the IUCN's World Commission on Protected Areas (Marine). Their mission is to inspire and inform better protection of our ocean, through the establishment of a global, representative network of successfully managed Marine Protected Areas.
3. Trade of endangered species
The wildlife trade monitoring network known as TRAFFIC works to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.
TRAFFIC was established in 1976 and is governed by the TRAFFIC Committee, a steering group composed of members of TRAFFIC's partner organizations, World Wild Life (WWF) and International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). A central aim of TRAFFIC's activities is to contribute to the wildlife trade-related priorities of these partners.