INTOSAI – Working Group on Environmental Auditing

Focus on Biodiversity: Other studies and articles

The information provided about the studies and articles was taken from the web pages provided.

The TEEB study is a major international initiative to draw attention to the global economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and to draw together expertise from the fields of science, economics and policy to enable practical actions moving forward.

The MA was called for by the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 2000. Initiated in 2001, the objective of the MA was to assess the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being and the scientific basis for action needed to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of those systems and their contribution to human well-being. The MA findings, contained in five technical volumes and six synthesis reports, provide a state-of-the-art scientific appraisal of the condition and trends in the world’s ecosystems and the services they provide (such as clean water, food, forest products, flood control, and natural resources) and the options to restore, conserve or enhance the sustainable use of ecosystems. One of the synthesis report “Biodiversity Synthesis” is specific to biodiversity.

The fourth report in the Global Environment Outlook (GEO) series from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) provides a comprehensive, scientifically credible, policy-relevant and up-to-date assessment of, and outlook for, the state of the global environment. Environment for Development is the GEO-4 underlying theme and the report pays special attention to the role and impact of the environment on human well-being as well as to the use of environmental valuation as a tool for decision-making.
The Chapter 5 of the GEO-4 is specific to biodiversity.

Publication released by UNEP, that profiles Africa’s environmental resources as an asset for the region’s development. The report highlights the opportunities presented by the natural resource base to support development and the objectives of the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). The report underscores the need for sustainable livelihoods, and the importance of environmental initiatives in supporting them. Emphasis is put on what should and can be done with existing (remaining) environmental assets, in the context of identified constraints (issues), rather than focusing on what has been already lost. Chapter 7 of the AEO-2 focus on biodiversity issue.
Other UNEP publications can be found at:

Global Biodiversity Outlook is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity and preparations are currently underway for the production of its third edition. Global Biodiversity Outlook 3 will be formally launched in 2010, the year proclaimed as the International Year of Biodiversity.